Guide to Best Things To Do in Cyprus


Best Things To Do in Cyprus: Archaeology, Spirituality, Beaches and More!

Last Updated on September 26, 2020

If you are a culture lover, then you've come to the right place for the best things to do in Cyprus! Are you an armchair archaeologist? Inspired by spiritual traditions? Are you a foodie fan of the Mediterranean diet? Then you will absolutely adore the island nation of Cyprus. A history-lovers paradise, Cyprus is set in the stunning ambiance of a beguiling azure sea, exquisite golden beaches and endless sunny skies. And with our guide to the best things to do in Cyprus, you have a road map to its rich sites of cultural heritage.

Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean after Sicily and Sardinia. A member of the European Union since 2004, it's 174 miles southeast of Greece. Human presence on Cyprus is known to go back as far as the 10th millennium B.C. The island’s strategic location is a crossroads of Middle Eastern civilizations, and Roman and Greek Empires. It's more contemporary history includes rulers from the French Lusignan dynasty, Venetians, Ottomans, and the British.

Known as the birthplace of Aphrodite, Cyprus is a treasure trove of historic sites. Here, you walk in the footsteps of the Goddess of love, the sea-faring Phoenician traders, Alexander the Great, saints on the run, and the Knights Templar.

In our visit, my husband Tom and I felt we had time-traveled through the ages. We met ghosts of centuries past in dusty archaeological ruins, majestic mountaintop monasteries, and along secluded beaches.

Sound appealing? Then let me offer you our guide to the best things to do in Cyprus. Packed with a wealth of insights from numerous Cypriots only too happy to share, it's based on our two weeks of travel here.

Highlights include: a UNESCO World Heritage site spanning remnants of a 2,000-year history; a 12th centutry hand-carved hermitage carved out of cliff; a meal at the 7 St. George’s Taverna, revealing influences of the Orthodox Christian faith on Cyprus cuisine; a glimpse into the daily life of a young Kykkos Monastery monk.

Cyprus Map
Photo credit: CTO Zurich, Flickr.

Petra Tou Romiou Beach
Image Courtesy of Nino Verde via Wiki Commons

Best Things To Do in Cyprus | A Cultural Crossroads

The complicated political history of Cyprus is reflected today in an incredibly diverse architectural and archaeological landscape. This Cyprus itinerary focuses on the southern two-thirds of Cyprus populated by Greek Cypriots, the majority of whom practice the Greek Orthodox faith.

Indeed, the rich heritage and iconography of Cyprus’ Orthodox Christians make for a fascinating lens through which to explore the small island nation. The religious artwork found in ancient caves, tiny roadside shrines, painted churches, and majestic cliff-top monastic communities offers a colorful, inspiring road map through history.

While the official language of the Republic is Greek, English is widely spoken and featured on road signs.

Wherever I travel, I am a big proponent of using local guides. I was referred by the Cyprus Tourism Ministry to archaeologist David Pearlman of  Cyprus Exploration Unlimited, who gave Tom & me amazing access to off-the-beaten-path heritage sites and introductions to local cultural standard-bearers. I highly recommend David as an authoritative guide to Cypriot culture and a great traveling companion!

Best Things To Do in Cyprus | Paphos UNESCO World Heritage Site

The city of Paphos makes a great base for your visit. Given the bird's eye view of history it offers, it is an instructive location to begin your Cyprus itinerary. Paphos is in the country’s southwestern corner, and home to a UNESCO World Heritage Site that encompasses numerous expansive tracts of well-preserved ruins that span Mycenean temples, Roman villas, and Byzantine fortresses.

Tour to Cyprus
The Paphos Archaeological Park as a first destination in your Cyprus itinerary gives context for the rest of your visit. Photo: Meg Pier

We spent a full morning roaming the extensive grounds of Kato or “Lower” Paphos. It is an immense archaeological park on the harbor encompassing ruins from 2,000 years of history. You enter from a busy, modern commercial area and we were unprepared for the instant change in atmosphere. Paphos Archaeological park is a portal into a mysterious arid terrain. It has a pale peach-colored landscape, accented with daubs of emerald olive trees, poplars and caper plants, patches of silvery and lavender moss, and then beyond, the azure sea.

Best Things To Do in Cyprus | The Tomb of the Kings

An assortment of ancient civilizations lie round every corner. We approached the dark recesses of tombs built over the course of six centuries. They reflect varying designs of changing burial practices during the Hellenistic and Roman periods. Known as the “Tomb of the Kings”, these were not in fact the crypts of royalty. Rather, burial here was a privilege of the elite of the day. The site inspires a stirring sense of the urge to memorialize man's existence. Some crypts were gaping, cave-like holes hewn in the rock from which the fronds of a palm tree rose. Others were below-ground atriums where Doric columns created interplay of shadow and light.

cyprus itinerary

Tom had wandered off on his own and, alone in the silent peristyle colonnade of Tomb No. 3, I noticed an inscription of Greek letters on one of its columns. I wondered about the meaning of the etched symbols for the person who engraved them eons ago. My reverie was startled by the flap of a pigeon as it landed in a niche carved into the wall. Here, a recess where someone’s beloved had been laid to rest. I then heard a muffled squeal and jumped six inches off the ground. Catching my breath, I crossed the tomb and peered into a labyrinth of adjoining chambers. The sound seemed to have emanated from here. I then saw a youngster and his father, several rooms away, happily investigating antiquity.

Best Things To Do in Cyprus | House of Dionysos

With no shade to shelter us from the withering heat here in the Middle East, we moved slowly languidly across the dusty expanse. Slowly we tread the remnants of one Roman villa to the next, each more remarkable than the one before. We lingered at the 2,000-square foot House of Dionysos; the relative coolness afforded by its covering as magnificent almost as its mosaics.

Cyprus Itinerary

Drenched with perspiration, we finally ascended a hill at the far side of the site. Here, we were rewarded with a refreshing and salty sea breeze and inspiring views—in one direction. Over here a romantic lighthouse stood sentinel above the azure Mediterranean; over there, the elegant semi-circle of a Roman Odeon was carved into the landscape. It’s said that somewhere here in Paphos, perhaps not far from where we stood, the Roman governor of the city was converted to Christianity in 45 A.D. by the Apostle Paul.

Read: In this inspiring interview, meet archaeologist & former Director of Cyprus Department of Antiquities

Image by Dimitris Vetsikas from Pixabay
Image by Dimitris Vetsikas from Pixabay

Best Things To Do in Cyprus | Neophytos Monastery

Saint Neophytos monastery offers an awe-inspiring introduction to the island's spiritual heritage. Located about six miles outside Paphos, at the far end of a deep valley, this peaceful ancient site features frescoes that date to the Byzantine Empire. The drive winds up into the steep hills in the country’s south, past the villages of Mesogi and Tremithousa. The soft peach pastel of the sandstone escarpment that looms ahead is in vivid contrast to the bold green of the pines and poplars reaching toward the brilliant topaz sky.

Agios Neophytos Monastery Cyprus
Next on the BCD Cyprus itinerary: Monastery of Agios Neophytos near Tala village, Cyprus. Photo credit: Nikodem Nijaki, Wikipedia with creative commons

Crossing a narrow footbridge, we heard rushing water from a mountain stream below and the wind rustling the branches of nearby olive trees. We reached the cliff face and climbed the stone-carved stairs to the top. Pausing to catch our breath, we realized we were below a fresco of winged and haloed angel who looked down on us. He was the first of many we would encounter at the monastery.

Saint Neophytos Monastery
Saint Neophytos Monastery in Cyprus.

We crossed the threshold into the first of four tiny chambers. Saint Neophytos is said to have hewn each from the rock here with his bare hands. When he arrived at this remote patch of wilderness in 1159, Neophytos was 25 years old. He had finally found what he had been seeking for seven years: peace and quiet. Faced with the prospect of a traditional arranged marriage at 18, the future saint had fled his poor village of Kato Dhrys near, Lefkara in the hills of southern Cyprus. He fled to a monastery, where he hoped to lead a cloistered life as an ascetic. The abbot who welcomed him did not grant his wish to live as a hermit. However, he did entrust the monastery’s vineyards to Neophytos’ care and taught him to read and write.

When his request to live a life of solitude was still denied seven years later, Neophytos asked the abbot for permission to make a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. Here he hoped to find an ascetic that would take him under his wing. Six months of wandering in the Holy Land did not present the spiritual teacher Neophytos sought. He thus returned to the monastery, where yet again his plea to live as a hermit was denied. No doubt frustrated, Neophytos headed for the port in Paphos and a ship to take him to Asia Minor. Alas, the young saint was arrested as a fugitive, then robbed by his guards. Though released after just one night in jail, he had now become penniless and probably all the more intent on withdrawing from his fellow man. It was then that he made his way up into these lofty bluffs.

Cyprus Itinerary

Best Things To Do in Cyprus | Neophytos's Quiet Cliff Side Retreat

We explored the humble cells that Neophytos carved from a small natural cave on the mountainside. I felt large and clumsy in the cubbyhole where Neophytos had spent a year chiseling out a utilitarian bed, a desk, a niche where he kept books, and his own sarcophagus. He forged a rock-cut alter in an adjoining space for his prayer room. In 1183, he added a third chamber, a chapel. The stark angles and rough, bumpy surfaces of the engleistra, or “hermitage,” were poignant in their simplicity. This made an eloquent statement about the saint’s austere lifestyle and the era in which he lived and died.

Cyprus Itinerary

Best Things To Do in Cyprus | Chrysorrogiatissa Monastery

Chrysorrogiatissa Monastery is 23 miles northeast of Paphos, reached via a winding mountain road. The complex, while not large, includes a church, a store and cafe, as well as one of the best wineries in the region.

The name of Chrysorrogiatissa Monastery means “Our Lady of the Golden Pomegranate". The use of the syllables “issa” means “our lady of.” Throughout Cyprus, there are a host of places that are named for female saints. Panagia Chrysorrogiatissa is a place of special significance. Along with Kykkos, it is one of the three Cypriot Orthodox sanctuaries believed to possess an icon of the Virgin Mary painted by St. Luke.

Arriving at Chrysorrogiatissa, we were reminded this was a place of reverence. A sign posted at the entrance states: “Visitors are kindly requested to respect the monastery and not to enter scantily dressed.” When founded by the hermit Ignatius in 1152, it was probably a safe bet that women in tank tops did not appear at his doorstep to tempt him.

In Chrysorrogiatissa’s founding legend, Ignatius discovered an icon depicting Mary, who then appeared to him, instructing that a monastery be built in her honor. The icon today is wrapped in gauze and kept in a special casket at the monastery.

The church itself was surprisingly small. The twilight-like lighting from its crystal chandeliers lent an air of mystery to the abundance of religious imagery upon every surface.

Cyprus Itinerary
BCD Cyprus itinerary features a visit to Chrysorrogiatissa Monastery and the aura of the sacred mystery of the Greek Orthodox faith.

I was drawn to a particular section of the iconostasis. It was draped in a heavy lace curtain and behind which lay brocade and under that, a slab of engraved silver with a small door. Small silver plates sketched with images hung from the hooked handiwork. Several showed a disembodied arm. Others depicted a leg. Yet another illustrated a person on his back, seemingly in pain. I later learned these bits of artistry represented specific prayers for relief from ongoing ailments.

In the center of the site is an expansive cobble-stoned terrace, the floor of which is adorned with a mosaic of a double-headed bird, gripping a sword and scepter in its talons. Past a bubbling fountain are benches that offer a magnificent view beyond the pines to the lush valley below.

Read: Meet two renowned Cypriot icon painters and learn what this sacred tradition means to them.

Best Things To Do in Cyprus | Ecclesiastical Museum in Geriskipou

The Ecclesiastical Museum of Pafos is located in the town of Geriskipou on the outskirts of Paphos. It provides an in-depth overview to the world of icons with a panoply of more than 100 pieces of religious imagery. On a side street off the main square, the gallery is housed in a Byzantine-style building that also serves as the residence of the Bishop of Paphos.

We entered the museum’s marble hall from the oppressive Cyprus heat, greeted by cool air, a hushed ambiance, and attendant Andreas Sarikas. The slight man welcomed us by proffering a dish of loukoumia, a sugary confection also known as Turkish Delight. He proudly explained that his daughter is the former mayor of neighboring Geroskipou, which is renowned for workshops that produce the candy. He laughingly told us that he was continually being given packages of the home-made treats and always had more loukoumia than was good for him.

Spanning several rooms and more than ten centuries, the collection claims the oldest icon preserved in Cyprus, an image of Saint Marina. This image dates to the 7th or 8th century. Pieces exhibited include frescoes and wood carvings, many of which are fragments of church doors, iconostases and crosses. Most of the icons were rescued from the walls of abandoned, un-roofed churches before becoming lost to decay under the elements.

Cyprus Itinerary
Images L to R: Religious icons portraying messages from Christ, The Virgin Mary holding Christ, Another icon shows Christ is both God and man.

I moved from icon to icon and took in the recurring figures, poses, and the simple lines and naive manner in which they were depicted. I studied several renditions of the Virgin and child in a view called Hodegetria that depicted Mary holding Christ in her left arm. His body is that of an infant, but his face appears adult. I later learned that the concept being communicated is that Christ is both God and man, wise even as an infant. Hodegetria means “guide.” In iconography, the Virgin never draws attention to herself, she is usually pointing to her Son, drawing the viewer to Him.

Other figures depicted again and again included St. George mounted on his steed and St. John the Evangelist on his knees. In each image of St. John the Baptist, his wild locks of hair spilled past his shoulders. I discovered this represents the saint’s lack of concern for how he looked or “earthly” matters. A number of icons showed Christ as a young man, his right hand held with his thumb connected to his ring finger and pinky and a Bible in his left. A hand—a pose signifying a blessing.

 7 St. George’s Taverna

7 St Georges Taverna
The “sacred garden” filled with purple hardenbergias. Photo: Meg Pier  

7 St. George’s Taverna is a well-known traditional Greek restaurant in Geroskipou. We met owner George Demetriades, who told us the restaurant is so-named because there are seven chapels dedicated to the saint in the immediate area. He told us the word cuisine means “delicate taste,” originating from Farsi, the ancient Persian language.

George also explained that Greek fare is based on a culture of eating and served in a variety of dishes called meze. He told us that enjoying these small quantities of delicate tastes is an occasion. “You take your time, you relax, you converse and, many times, you sing.” We soon had ten dishes on the table that included lives, capers, salad, cheese, fried eggs, cured and smoked meat and fish.

Geroge attributed the country’s varied cuisine to its climate, soil, and location as a stepping stone to three continents, as well as to its Orthodox religion. He also explained that religion is a very big part of the local gastronomy. For open-air fairs commemorating saints’ days, kleftiko is prepared. This slow-baked lamb dish is cooked in a clay oven or a hole in the earth with a big bonfire on top. The meal is said to be named for the Klephts, country bandits who would steal lambs or goats and cook the meat in a sealed pit to avoid the smoke being seen.

7 St Georges Taverna
Left photo: George Demetriades, owner of the 7 St. Georges. Credit: Meg Pier, Right photo: “Meze” enjoyed at 7 St. Georges. Credit: 7 St.Georges Taverna

  Best Things To Do in Cyprus | Agia Paraskevi

Geroskipou is also home to Agia Paraskevi, a 9th-century Byzantine church capped with five domes in the shape of a cross. The church anchors the far left corner of a well-used community plaza. The caretaker, an old salt in a Greek fishing cap, appeared to be ready to lock up and scowled at our late arrival but let us pass. Not wanting to keep him waiting, we enjoyed just a brief glimpse of incredible 15th-century murals of scenes from the New Testament and, above, a praying Madonna depicted on the vaulted dome.

Byzantine church in Yeroskipos
Image Courtesy of Gérard Janot via Wiki Commons

Read: Feel the spirit of community in Geriskipou and get a tutorial on traditional Greek dancing with this heartwarming story!

Best Things To Do in Cyprus | Agios Lazaros in Lanarca

Like Paphos, Larnaca is also on the coast and is a 90-minute drive east. The city is just south of the border with North Cyprus (however entry between the two is accessible only at certain checkpoints along the U.N. buffer zone that divides the two.)

With a population of about 145,000, Larnaca is the third-largest city on Cyprus after Nicosia in North Cyprus and Limassol.

After meandering through the ancient streets to the southern part of Old Larnaka, we found Agios Lazaros. Its four-story tower stands sentinel against a brilliant blue sky. Shafts of light stream from its high windows. The stone interior was a cool, welcome relief from the blazing heat.

Cyprus Lazarus Church
Agios Lazaros a beautiful and mesmerizing church in Larnaka. Credit: Hannes Grobe, Wikipedia

Agios Lazaros is an edifice founded on the theme of “new life.” According to Cypriot tradition, Lazarus, whom Jesus is said to have raised from the dead, moved to Cyprus after his resurrection. He became the first bishop of Cyprus, ordained by St Paul. After his final death, the name of the town was changed from Kation to Larnaka. It means in Greek “At the sarcophagus.” Agios Lazaros was built in 900 A.D. at the site of the saint’s grave.

The church’s ornately carved, gilded iconostasis featured rows of saints, with an image of Lazarus rising among them. To the right of the nave was a reliquary reputed to contain his skull. Descending stairs to the crypt, we found several stone sarcophagi beneath a row of hanging silver incense burners. One of the tombs housed the remains of the saint, so it is said, and bears the inscription “Lazarus, friend of Jesus.”

Returning upstairs, we stood at the back of the church and watched an old woman in black, her head covered with a kerchief. She hobbled from one large icon mounted on a pillar to another. At each, she bent slightly in a partial kneel and kissed the image, before shuffling to the next.

Read: Not far from Larnaka, the women of Lefkara carry on a tradition introduced to Cyprus by Leonardo da Vinci!

Emerging into the bright sunlight, we found a small crowd gathering. Dressed in special occasion attire, generations of a family beamed at each other and laughed. From the toddler in a suit and sneakers to the grandmother with a cane, they took turns admiring the center of attention, an infant in the arms of his mother. Tom and I watched as a priest came to the door and the family began filing into Agios Lazaros for a baptism. The traditional celebration of a new life.

Cyprus Itinerary
Left image: An elderly woman praising and kissing the icon images. Right image: In the arms of the mother.

The Larnaca Salt Lake

One of the most prominent topographical features of south-eastern Cyprus is the Larnaca Salt Lake. This large wetland area is noticeable from the air if you fly in or out of Larnaca Airport. In fact the airport runways are built on reclaimed marshland that used to be a submerged section of the lake.

The Larnaca Salt Lake draws ornithologists and nature enthusiasts because during certain times of the year, especially during the rainy season, myriad species of migratory birds are on display. The most famous of these migrants are the Flamingos; as many as 12,000 of these colorful birds winter here.

The Larnaca Salt Lake. Photo: An. Antoniou, Creative Commons

There is an important monument located at the Larnaca Salt Lake, the Hala Sultan Tekke mosque which is often touted as the fourth holiest place in Islam. (The first three being Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem’s Dome of the Rock.)

According to legend, Um Haram, who was either the aunt or wet-nurse of the prophet Mohammed, broke her neck and died here after falling off a donkey in the 7th Century. She was buried on the western bank of the lake. Her grave lay unnoticed and undisturbed until the 18th Century when an Ottoman Pasha decided to erect an impressive mosque on the site.

Hala Sultan Tekke Mosque at the Salt Lake in Larnaca, Cyprus, Photo: A.Savin, Creative Commons

Best Things To Do in Cyprus | Lazarus and the Larnaca Salt Lake

There is a legend about Lazarus and the Larnaca Salt Lake, which is supposed to have taken place towards the end of Lazarus’ life, ca. 70 A.D., when he was an old man.

One day, Bishop Lazarus took a stroll in the area where the Larnaca Salt Lake is now. At that time, the area was occupied by a series of rich vineyards, famous vineyards. Lazarus happened to see the wealthy vineyard owner overseeing workers filling bags with the abundant grape harvest. Lazarus asked for some grapes to quench his thirst. The rich man did not recognize Lazarus and rudely dismissed him, claiming that the beags held salt, not grapes.

In response, Lazarus lifted his arm and pointed to the vineyards, saying ‘So you have salt in the bags, eh?’ Magically, the rich vines turned immediately into an expanse of salt. From that day onwards, nothing would grow on the site of the former vineyards, now the Larnaca Salt Lake.

To this day, locals recount this story to their children to remind them that it is the Christian thing to share your wealth with others less fortunate. And if they go against this Christian value, bad things will happen.

Larnaca Salt Lake, Photo: Michal Osmenda, Creative Commons

Best Things To Do in Cyprus | Painted Churches of Troodos Mountains

The Troodos Mountain region is a forested swath that stretches across roughly a third of western Cyprus. In contrast to the sandy beaches or dusty archaeological sites of the coast, the Troodos is a cooler, pince-scented sanctuary where skiers hit the slopes of Mount Olympus in the winter.

The Troodos National Forest Park encompasses about 22,600 acres and includes 35 miles of cycling trails; 13 hiking trails that cover about 40 miles, six dams, numerous waterfalls, nine picnic areas and many picturesque villages. But perhaps the area is most known for its ten painted churches recognized by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites. Ranging from small rustic churches to major monasteries, these monuments are beloved for the elaborate Byzantine murals painted on their walls over a period of 500 years from the 11th to the 16th century.

From Paphos, we made our way northeast on the Polis Road, leaving behind the villages and eventually the pavement. Heaving along a rutted, winding road, we entered the beginning of the Troodos Mountains and the Pafos Forest.

Cresting a hill, we saw a huge body of water shimmering in the morning sunlight below, created by the Kannaviou Dam. On the far side of the reservoir I could make out what looked like a miniature white church tucked among the pines. Following the shoreline, we reached the diminutive chapel and opened its door, beholding a hodgepodge of icons. Images of saints were painted on the surface of a central recessed niche, and surrounded by portable icons propped up on shelves and window sills. Votive candles lay at the feet of the images, coupled with boxes of matches.

Icon shrine in small chapel near beginning of Troodos Mountains. Photo: Meg Pier
Icon shrine in small chapel near beginning of Troodos Mountains. Photo: Meg Pier

I learned later that isolated chapels such as this one are not uncommon, and they are remnants of former medieval monastic communities or the sanctuaries of shepherds.

We continued on, stopping at Stavros tis Psokas, a former monastery now a Forestry Commission station. We stretched our legs here with a short walk on a steep narrow path around the circumference of a refuge for mouflon, a type of wild sheep. Peering intently into the dense woods, we were privileged to get a glimpse of a group of the endangered species. They stood still as statues, the males endowed with monumental curling horns.

Image by Manfred Antranias Zimmer from Pixabay
Image by Manfred Antranias Zimmer from Pixabay

Best Things To Do in Cyprus | Pafos Forest and Cedar Valley

We moved deeper into the Pafos Forest, climbing ever-higher along the north side of the Troodos range; to our south loomed its highest peak, the 1,952-meter Mt. Olympus. Our car chugged slowly along the narrow roads on the rim of the mountainside and we soon crested the contours of Cedar Valley. A narrow slash in the landscape that seemed bottomless, from it more than 200,000 majestic conifers fought gravity and pushed skyward, many growing to 25 meters.

The species of cedar grows only in Cyprus, Lebanon, Morocco and the Himalayas and at an altitude above 3,000 feet. These cedrus brevifolia are a relative of the famed Lebanese cedars, from which the legendary Phoenician maritime explorers built their ships. The trees’ strength is belied by slim trunks, which hardly seem capable of supporting the immense wingspan of their far-reaching and fragrant boughs. Many of the Cyprus cedars leaned low toward the ground in contorted poses, as though trying to hang on to the hillside in the face of whipping winds, their tops flattened by the forces of the elements.

Cyprus Itinerary
Images L to R: Cedrus Brevifolia trees in Cedar Valley of Pafos Forest, Village of Pedoulas in Marathassa Valley in Troodos Mountains. Photos: Meg Pier

We rounded a hairpin turn on the winding ribbon of road and a flash of red caught my eye. Beyond the precipice, floating on a bed of greenery below lay the carrot-colored roofs of the village of Pedoulas. We had reached the upper part of the Marathassa Valley; the origins of the name are Greek and it means “the land of a thousand flowers.” As spectacular as we found the vista in mid-summer, in the spring, the valley is ablaze with flowering cherry trees.

Best Things To Do in Cyprus | Church of the Archangel Michael

Coasting down the mountainside, we glided to a stop at the far edge of the tiny town. We had reached our destination and were welcomed by a trio of calico cats who wore the same patchwork colors of gray, ochre and brown as the humble stone Church of the Archangel Michael.

St Michael Church Pedoulas Cyprus
Image Credit: RCLH / Public domain

The Troodos Mountains once served as a haven for monks seeking distance from temptation and nearness to God.  These mountains were also a sanctuary where the Church could secure its relics and riches during three centuries of Arab raids that began in 647 A.D.

Dating from 1474, the Church of the Archangel Michael is one of ten in the Troodos region UNESCO designated as a World Heritage sites. This concentrated collection of monuments perched on remote aeries and hollows are all remarkable for their interiors, richly decorated with Byzantine and post-Byzantine paintings. The rural architectural style of the ten painted churches starkly contrasts to Cyprus’ many prestigious and sprawling monasteries.

The Church of the Archangel Michael is the smallest of the ten painted churches. It has an asymmetrical exterior designed to compensate for the slope of the hillside on which it was built. The roof on one side begins at ceiling height; on the other, the roofline plummets to the ground. The resulting steep point a protective measure against the deep mountain snowfalls.

We entered a narrow dimly-lit space once stepping through plain wooden doors. Once our eyes adjusted to the dusk-like lighting, we realized we were surrounded by giant figures with somber expressions looming over us. Among them, a giant Archangel Michael brandished a sword and a scroll and a look of fierce determination.

Church of the Archangel Michael - Cyprus Itinerary
Photo: Meg Pier

Best Things To Do in Cyprus | Iconic Messagery

We learned the imagery had been created by a 15th-century painter named Minas who was a local artist. The frescoes reflect his personal touches, such as making generous use of several shades of red and an asymmetrical approach to the faces and background. While his work is faithful to the Byzantine tradition of painting, it also selectively incorporates western European elements.

In 1054, the “Great Schism” marked a split among Christians into Eastern or Greek, and Western, or Latin, branches, today known as the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches. The division is driven by differences spanning doctrinal, theological, linguistic, political, and geographical lines. Among the practices at stake were celibacy, marriage, fasting and the veneration of icons.

Tour to Cyprus - Cyprus Itinerary
The Church of the Archangel Michael is the smallest of the ten painted churches in the Troodos Mountains and dates to 1474. Photo: Meg Pier

According to the dedication inscription preserved above the north entrance of the church, it was built and decorated in 1474 at the expense of priest Vasilios Kamadaou. Father Vasilios, together with his wife and two daughters, is depicted offering a model of the church to the Archangel Michael.

Each iconographer expresses not only the ideals of his time but also that time itself. When he paints the donors–those who have paid for the icon, always shown at the lower part of the icon–he imparts information about the times.

The clothes and the jewels of the donor give us information about their social class, their economic position, the fashion of the time, even the trade relations of Cyprus with other countries. Thus, an icon becomes a book that has a lot to tell to the one who knows how to read it.

Tour to Cyprus - Cyprus Itinerary
Photo: Meg Pier

The monasteries of Cyprus also are a source of fascinating stories. Most of the more than three dozen such religious communities here date to the 4th–16th centuries and each has its own “foundation legend.” These tales describe the often supernatural events that are believed to have led to a monastery’s creation and have been passed down by generations of Cypriots.

Kykkos Monastery

From the Church of the Archangel Michael and the village of Pedoulas, we headed west for about 12 miles to the 900-year-old Kykkos Monastery.

Image Credit: Klaus D. Peter, Wiehl, Germany / CC BY 3.0 DE

There are several folk stories about the origin of its name. According to one legend, a little bird living in the area predicted a miraculous temple, twittering “Kykkou, Kykkou, Kykkos Hill, a monastery the site shall fill. A golden girl shall enter in and never shall come out again.”

Kykkos Monastery is one of the richest monasteries on the island and it possesses one of the three icons of the Virgin Mary ascribed by St Luke.

Tour to Cyprus - Cyprus Itinerary
Left image: Frescoes at Kykkos Monastery reveal the legends behind its founding. Photo: Meg Pier

Another legend chronicles how the monastery came to be in possession of this image of the Mother of Christ. Apostle Luke painted the image at her request, so it is said.

According to this tale, Voutoumites, the governor of Cyprus, became lost while hunting in the thick woods of Marathassa Valley. Stumbling upon the cave of the hermit Isaias, he asked for directions. Isaias had taken a vow of silence and did not respond. Outraged, the governor had him beaten by his guards before they stormed off. Eventually, Voutoumites and his party found their way out of the rugged forest and the incident was forgotten. But soon, the governor faced another difficulty and was struck with a deadly illness for which his physicians could find no cure. The governor recalled his mistreatment of the hermit and ordered that Isaias be brought to him so he could beg for forgiveness.

The monk complied and when the governor offered to grant him any wish, Isaias responded that he wanted to journey to the Imperial Palace in Constantinople and bring back to Cyprus the renowned image of the Blessed Mother said to have miraculous powers. The governor was aghast at what he considered to be an insane request but, after much hesitation, agreed to travel with the monk and introduce him to the court in Constantinople.

Once there, they learned the Emperor’s only daughter had fallen victim to a mysterious illness. Voutoumites excitedly shared his story of having been cured himself by Isaias’ fervent prayers. The Emperor Comnenos summoned the hermit to his daughter’s side, where Isaias again wrought a miracle. Exultant, the Ruler offered Isaias whatever he would like. The monk again requested the holy icon of the Virgin Mary. The Emperor hesitated; he was loath to part with his city’s great relic. Suddenly, he too was struck with the deadly ailment. Cured by Isaias, he relented and agreed to give the icon to the monk.

Cyprus Itinerary
The humble bee is credited with giving the hermit Isaias a divine sign. Photo: Meg Pier

Comnenos began to have second thoughts before the exchange took place and had the best icon painters of Constantinople create a replica. He slyly suggested that Isaias choose. Recognizing with sadness the Emperor was not being honest with him, he prayed for guidance. Suddenly, a bee buzzed down and landed on one of the icons. Isaias took this as a sign, and made his choice, correctly picking the icon of the Virgin painted by St. Luke.

When Isaias reached the shores of Cyprus on one of the Emperor’s ships, he had the precious cargo with him. Rejoincing Cypriots greeted the hermit, and formed a procession that moved slowly up the mountainside to where the monastic shrine of Kykkos would be erected. As the crowds inched ever higher through the forests, it is said the trees bowed their balding heads toward the sacred relic.

Today, out of respect, the icon is kept under a velvet shroud in Kykkos’ iconostasis, a wall of icons and religious paintings that separate the nave from the sanctuary in a church. The Kykkos Monastery, or Panagia tou Kykkouis the essential destination on a Cyprus itinerary for members of the Greek Orthodox faith.

Arriving at Kykkos Monastery, we found ourselves amid throngs of the faithful. We pulled into a parking lot packed with tour buses and walked past bustling kiosks doing brisk business selling all manner of Kykkos mementoes, including hundreds of iconic images.

Tour to Cyprus - Cyprus Itinerary
The different faces of Kykkos Monastery: pauses for reflection & religious commerce. Photos: Meg Pier

The monastery’s austere stone façade was offset by the vivid pink blooms and glossy greenery of a garden of oleander bushes. Entering an arched doorway adorned in glittering mosaics with outsized images of the Virgin and Child, Archangel Michael, and other saints, we joined scores of pilgrims streaming inside, donning purple visitors’ robes provided for those whose summer attire did not cover bare shoulders or legs.

Following our fellow visitors, we made our way through a long corridor with scenes from the monastery’s history painted on its walls and down stairs to a central courtyard. There we crossed the threshold of the main church, where we opted not to join a long line of pilgrims waiting to pay respects to the icon. In deference to the pious, we stood back and admired the iconostasis from afar. A veritable wall of gold, according to tradition it imitates the image of paradise. It dazzles with a display of devotion–carved, gilded, studded with gleaming stones and designs of angels and animals, and adorned with a row of hanging gold lamps.

Cyprus Itinerary
Photo: Meg Pier

Best Things To Do in Cyprus | A Day in the Life of a Monk

On the plaza outside the monastery, I was introduced to Father Benidiktos, a young monk in the long flowing black robes of a senior church official. The blue robes I had seen other priests wearing elsewhere designated a lower rank in the church hierarchy, in which the men can marry and have children.

Benediktos told me that he became a monk ten years ago at the age of 22 after two years in training as a novice. He became a deacon in 2007—a designation for which one must be 25 years of age; to be a priest, the age is 30. Benediktos told me his given name was Benjamin and said that when a monk reaches a certain level of the hierarchy, he chooses a new name; one that he believes reflects his personality and comes from the annals of the church’s history.

Father Benidiktos Kykkos Monastery - Cyprus Itinerary
Father Benidiktos, manager of the pilgrim hostel of Kykkos Monastery. Photo: Meg Pier

Benediktos explained his daily routine. He said he awoke at 4 a.m. and engaged in personal prayer before the ringing of bells called the monks to church at 5 a.m. At 7 a.m., the priests have breakfast and at 8 a.m., they begin their jobs. He manages the hostel and works with pilgrims, who include Cypriots as well as Russians, British, Germans, Japanese and Americans. Lunch is at noon, followed by relaxation in their cells, or rooms, until 5 p.m. when the bells again call the priests to services. The monks have an hour to themselves between 6:00 – 7:00 p.m., followed by supper, and then the final church services of the day.

Best Things To Do in Cyprus | The Allure of Aphrodite

The rise of Christianity replaced the island’s pantheon of pagan worship but at least one goddess is alive and well in the minds and hearts of Cypriots. The island’s heritage includes not only churches and monasteries, believed founded by apostles and gospel writers–but also lays claim to being the birthplace of Aphrodite. We concluded our Cyprus itinerary with visits to two sites on the coast south of Paphos that bear her name.

The first of those was the site of the Temple of Aphrodite in Palaipafos or Old Pafos, now an expanse of country fields scattered with olive trees. We walked down a lane lined with white and pink Oleander toward a hillside museum housed in a Gothic structure built during the Crusades. Strewn along the path were ruins attesting to the site’s relevance over the ages–crumbling columns, haphazard rows of pink and mauve slabs of granite, a geometric carpet of faded mosaics, an ancient millstone, and the remnant of an olive press. At one time, pilgrims from great distances traveled here to worship at Aphrodite’s shrine.

Cyprus Itinerary
Photos: Meg Pier

Keen to explore the landscape of Cyprus? Read about David’s recommendation of two off-the-beaten path nat to explore: yios Yeoryois tis Peyias. And Avakas Gorge!

Next, we happily paid our respects to the mother of Eros with a cooling dip in the waters. Here it' said she came ashore in a spray of sea foam and a clam shell drawn by dolphins. Petra tou Romiou, or “Aphrodite’s Rock”,  towers alongside an idyllic beach that has inspired more than a few legends. One of these promises that for every lap one takes around the massive limestone rocks emerging from the aquamarine water, they will become a year younger.

Petra tou Romiou Cyprus - Cyprus Itinerary
Petra tou Romiou, Cyprus, 2014, Photo credit: Evgeniy Isaev, flickr

The cult of Aphrodite persisted long after the advent of Christianity, until at least the 4th century. Whether or not you believe in mythology, Cyprus inspires its share of romantic gestures: Marc Antony was so charmed by Cyprus’ beauty he gave it to Cleopatra, and Richard the Lionhearted married his bride on the island during a pit stop en route to the Crusades.

I’m willing to bet you, too, will fall in love with Cyprus.

Book Your Trip To Cyprus

Where to stay in Cyprus

Kalavassos Village (between Limassol and Larnaca)

The Library Hotel is located in the charming village of Kalavassos and near the Akrotiri Bay area, this secluded retreat provides a peaceful and beautiful setting to pass an unforgettable vacation. This hotel is set in a 19th century stone mansion that consists of 11 uniquely styled suites that opens to the courtyard and stunning views of the village and the surrounding mountains. All suites are luxuriously furnished and harmonious décor, giving guests the comforting and familiar atmosphere of old charm.


The Natura Beach Hotel is positioned on the Polis Bay. It offers an outdoor pool with uninterrupted views of the sea and Paphos Mountains.

Between Paphos and Polis

Ayii Anoyira Spa and Boutique Hotel is situated next to Miliou’s healing springs and has its own beautiful vineyard.


Lasa Heights Hotel is surrounded by a stone-paved courtyard in the middle of a garden in Paphos, Lasa Heights features a restaurant and overlooks the Akamas peninsula.

Omodhos Village

Stou Kir Yianni is a traditional guesthouse with beautiful mountain and village views, a restaurant and a bar. It is set in a listed building in Omodos village, on the southwestern slopes of Troodos Mountain, and also includes a wine cellar.

Tours in Cyprus

GetYourGuide is a global company that offers tours by locals in destinations around the world. GTG was founded by four classmates in 2009, who themselves recognized the need for a central source for personalized tours. I myself know that finding the right guide can be a bit overwhelming. I use GYG and have enjoyed the tours I've taken immensely!

Below is a selection of recommended tours in Cyprus

Don’t Forget Travel Insurance

Travel insurance will protect you against illness, injury, theft, and cancellations. I never ever go on a trip without it. I recommend  World Nomads Travel Insurance.

Disclosure: Please note that some of the links in this Cyprus itinerary may be affiliate links, and at no additional cost to you, BCD earns a commission if you make a purchase. Your support is much appreciated and helps to keep the site going.


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